Cause analysis and solutions of seven common problems in lithium battery use

Author: Chao Li Yang Pageviews:49 Time:2020-03-27

With the rapid development of science and technology, the scope and function of lithium batteries are self-evident, but in our daily life, lithium battery accidents always emerge in an endless stream, which always troubles us. In view of this, Qianguo Electronics has specially organized Cause analysis and solutions for common lithium-ion problems, I hope to provide you with convenience.

1. The voltage is inconsistent and some are low

  1. Large self-discharge causes low voltage

   The self-discharge of the cell is large, so that its voltage drops faster than others. The low voltage can be eliminated by checking the voltage after storage.

  2. Uneven charge causes low voltage

   When the battery is charged after the test, the battery cell is not evenly charged due to the inconsistent contact resistance or the charging current of the test cabinet. The measured voltage difference is small during short-term storage (12 hours), but the voltage difference is large during long-term storage. This low voltage has no quality problems and can be solved by charging. Stored for more than 24 hours after charging during production to measure the voltage.

2. The internal resistance is too large

  1. Differences in detection equipment caused

   If the detection accuracy is not enough or the contact group cannot be eliminated, the internal resistance of the display will be too large. The internal resistance should be tested by the AC bridge method principle.

  2. Storage time is too long

   Lithium batteries are stored for too long, which causes excessive capacity loss, internal passivation, and large internal resistance, which can be solved by charging and discharging activation.

  3. Abnormal heating causes large internal resistance

   The battery is abnormally heated during processing (spot welding, ultrasonic, etc.), which causes the diaphragm to produce thermal closure, and the internal resistance is seriously increased.

Three, lithium battery expansion

  1. Lithium battery swells when charging

   When charging a lithium battery, the lithium battery will naturally expand, but generally no more than 0.1mm, but overcharge will cause the electrolyte to decompose, increase the internal pressure, and expand the lithium battery.

  2. Expansion during processing

   Generally, abnormal processing (such as short circuit, overheating, etc.) causes the electrolyte to decompose due to excessive heating, and the lithium battery swells.

  3. Expand while cycling

   When the battery is cycled, the thickness will increase as the number of cycles increases, but it does not increase after more than 50 cycles. Generally, the normal increase is 0.3~0.6 mm. The aluminum shell is more serious. This phenomenon is caused by normal battery reactions. However, if the thickness of the shell is increased or the internal materials are reduced, the expansion phenomenon can be appropriately reduced.

Fourth, the battery has power down after spot welding

  The voltage of the aluminum shell cell after spot welding is lower than 3.7V, which is generally caused by the excessive spot welding current that causes the internal diaphragm of the cell to break down and short-circuit, causing the voltage to drop too fast.

   is generally caused by the incorrect spot welding position. The correct spot welding position should be spot welding on the bottom or the side with the mark "A" or "—". Spot welding is not allowed on the side and large side without marking. In addition, some spot-welded nickel tapes have poor weldability, so they must be spot-welded with a large current, so that the internal high-temperature-resistant tape cannot work, resulting in internal short-circuit of the battery core.

  Battery power failure after spot welding is also partly due to the large self-discharge of the battery itself.

Five, the battery explodes

   There are generally the following situations when a battery explosion occurs:

  1. Overcharge explosion

   The protection circuit is out of control or the detection cabinet is out of control and the charging voltage is greater than 5V, which causes the electrolyte to decompose, and a violent reaction occurs inside the battery.

  2. Overcurrent explosion

  The protection circuit is out of control or the detection cabinet is out of control, so that the charging current is too large and the lithium ions are too late to be inserted. Lithium metal is formed on the surface of the pole piece, penetrates the diaphragm, and the positive and negative electrodes are directly short-circuited and cause explosion (rarely).

  3. Explosion when ultrasonic welding plastic shell

   When ultrasonic welding the plastic shell, the ultrasonic energy is transferred to the battery core due to the equipment. The large ultrasonic energy causes the internal diaphragm of the battery to melt, and the positive and negative electrodes are directly short-circuited, causing an explosion.

  4. Explosion during spot welding

   Excessive current during spot welding caused serious internal short-circuit and explosion. In addition, during spot welding, the positive electrode connecting piece was directly connected to the negative electrode, causing the positive and negative electrodes to directly short-circuit and explode.

   5. Over discharge explosion

   Battery over-discharge or over-current discharge (above 3C) easily dissolves and deposits the negative electrode copper foil on the separator, causing the positive and negative electrodes to directly short-circuit and cause explosion (rarely).

   6. Explode when vibration falls

   The internal pole piece of the battery is misaligned when the battery is vibrated or dropped severely, and it is directly short-circuited and exploded (rarely).

6. Low battery 3.6V platform

  1. Inaccurate sampling of the detection cabinet or unstable detection cabinet caused the test platform to be low.

  2. Low ambient temperature causes low platform (discharge platform is greatly affected by ambient temperature)

Seven, caused by improper processing

   (1) Move the positive electrode connection piece of the spot welding forcefully to cause poor contact of the positive electrode of the battery cell, resulting in a large internal resistance of the battery cell.

   (2) The spot welding connection piece is not firmly welded, and the contact resistance is large, which makes the battery internal resistance large.

        In short, to choose lithium battery products, you must choose high-quality, high-quality lithium battery products produced by professional lithium battery manufacturers to effectively avoid problems. Qianguo Electronics, a professional lithium battery product and service provider.


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